Chlorocypha victoriae (Förster, 1914)
Victoria's Jewel

Type locality: Entebbe, Uganda

Diagnosis

Male is similar to C. fabamacula by (a) Hw 20-22 mm, rarely up to 24 mm; (b) head all black or with yellowish, brown or green spots; (c) fore tibiae entirely black; (d) at least mid and hind tibiae with anterior white streaks; (e) Abd all red, sometimes gradually becoming yellow towards end; (f) S2 largely red with paired black (sub)apical markings and S3 not black laterally. However, differs by (1) distributed from Uganda to W Africa; (2) posthumeral stripe reduced, fragmented or absent rather than prominent; (3) apical markings S2 often distinctly curved laterally. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]

Habitat description

Mostly rivers, but also streams, in open areas in forest. Mostly with a soft (like muddy) and/or often sandy bottom, often dead trunks or branches, and probably submerged roots and/or coarse detritus. Inferred to occur from 0 to 1700 m above sea level.

Distribution

confirmed: Angola; Cameroon; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Gabon; Uganda


© Jens Kipping


Abdomen (dorsal view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


Barcode specimen(s):


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, Loge valley © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, Loge valley © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Male; Cameroon, Centre Province, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B., J. Kipping & K. Schuette


Male; Cameroon, Centre Province, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B., J. Kipping & K. Schuette


Male; Cameroon, Centre Province, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B., J. Kipping & K. Schuette


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Equateur, Lower Itimbiri © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

References

  • Förster, F. (1914). Beiträge zu den Gattungen und Arten der Libellen (N. III). Archiv Naturgeschichte Abteilung, 80, 59-83.
  • Longfield, C. (1959). The Odonata of N. Angola. Part II. Publicacoes culturais Companhia Diamantes Angola, 45, 13-42. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1967). African Chlorocyphidae (Odonata). Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 29, 161-197. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • D' Andrea, M., and Carfi, S. (1997). Nuove raccolte di odonati del Camerun con note su Agriocnemis maclachlani Selys, 1877 edescrizione di Agriocnemis dissimilis sp. nov. e Trithemis osvaldae sp. nov. Atti Societa italiana Scienze naturali, 136, 157-190. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2017-06-25].