Sapho orichalcea McLachlan, 1869

Synonyms:

  • scientific: ? S. gloriosa McLachlan, 1873

Type locality: Cameroon, no locality data available.

Diagnosis

No full diagnosis of this species is presently available. With S. gloriosa, the mature male is the only damselfly with (almost) completely dark wings occurring from eastern Nigeria to DRC and Angola, but the taxonomic separation from that species is unresolved.

Habitat description

Streams in open areas in forest, but sometimes shaded. Usually with coarse detritus and often with rocks, a gravelly and/or sandy bottom, and probably submerged roots. From 0 to 2100 m above sea level, but mostly below 1100.

Distribution

confirmed: Angola; Cameroon; Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Nigeria


© Ulf Bjelke

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


Barcode specimen(s):


Male; Cameroon, Southwest Province, Mt Kupe © Dijkstra, K.-D.B., & K. Schuette


Male; Cameroon, Southwest Province, Mt Kupe © Dijkstra, K.-D.B., & K. Schuette


Adult, female; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, female; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, female; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, female; Angola, Uige Province, Serra do Pinganu © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; Angola, Uige Province, Serra do Pinganu © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

References

  • McLachlan, R. (1869). Diagnoses of three new species of Calopterygina. Entomologists Monthly Magazine, 6, 27-28.
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1971). Odonata of Fernando Po Island and of neighbouring Cameroons Territory. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 34, 215-229. [PDF file]
  • Karsch, F. (1899). Odonaten von Johann-Alrecht-Höhe (Nord- Kamerun), gesammelt von Herrn Leopold Conradt. Entomologische Nachrichten, 25, 161-176. [PDF file]
  • Sjöstedt, Y. (1900). Odonaten aus Kamerun, West -Afrika. Beltrage Zur Kenntnis der insektenfauna von Kamerun. Binhang Kongliga Svenka VetenskapsAkademiens Handlingar, 25, 1-62.
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • D' Andrea, M., and Carfi, S. (1997). Nuove raccolte di odonati del Camerun con note su Agriocnemis maclachlani Selys, 1877 edescrizione di Agriocnemis dissimilis sp. nov. e Trithemis osvaldae sp. nov. Atti Societa italiana Scienze naturali, 136, 157-190. [PDF file]
  • Aguesse, P. (1966). Contribution à la faune de Congo (Brazzaville) Mission A. Villiers et A. Descarpentries XXI. Odonates. Bulletin de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique, 28, 783-797. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2017-08-22].