Phyllomacromia bispina (Fraser, 1954)
Lesser Double-spined Cruiser

Type locality: Bwamba [= Semliki] Forest, Uganda


Male is similar to P. paula by (a) frons broadly dark, without isolated, contrasting marking; (b) thorax with 2-3 pale stripes on each side: usually 1 antehumeral and 2 laterals, but one of these may be reduced; (c) hamule stout; (d) dorsum of S10 with peak bearing 1-2 cones; (e) peak of S10 bearing 2 cones clearly separated at their base (best seen in caudal view); (f) cerci and (tip of) genital lobe black. However, differs by (1) smaller size, Hw 32-38 mm; (2) at least central lobe of labium with contrasting black and yellow pattern; (3) hamule with abruptly bent border, narrowing abruptly to small hook. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]

Habitat description

Not known well, but probably (headwater) streams shaded by forest. From 300 to 700 m above sea level, but possibly up to 1500.


confirmed: Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Uganda; Zambia

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Adult, female; Angola, Uige Province, new campus site and environs © Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • Fraser, F.C. (1954). New species of Macromia from tropical Africa. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 49, 41-76. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). Some records of Odonata collected in tropical Africa. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 25, 20-50. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2018-03-25].