Phyllomacromia sophia (Selys, 1871)
Ebony Cruiser

Type locality: Ghana, no locality data available.

Diagnosis

No diagnosis of this species replacing P. aureozona in the Upper Guinea is presently available. Please refer to the references provided.

Habitat description

Headwater streams shaded by forest. Often with coarse detritus and probably submerged roots and a gravelly and/or sandy bottom. From 0 to 700 m above sea level.

Distribution

confirmed: Côte d'Ivoire; Ghana; Liberia; Republic of Guinea; Sierra Leone; Togo


Male © KD Dijkstra

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


Barcode specimen(s):


Female; Liberia, Grand Gedeh County, Putu Iron Ore Mining concession © Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & A. Dayeker


Male; Liberia, Nimba County, Lugbeyee-Bonlah Road © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Male; Liberia, Nimba County, Lugbeyee-Bonlah Road © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Male; Liberia, Nimba County, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & M. Darpay

References

  • de Sélys-Longchamps, E. (1871). Synopsis des Cordulines (en deux parties). Bulletin Academie royale Belgique, 31, 1-128.
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1971.) Odonata of Fernando Po Island and of neighbouring Cameroons Territory. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 34, 215-229. [PDF file]
  • Karsch, F. (1899). Odonaten von Johann-Alrecht-Höhe (Nord- Kamerun), gesammelt von Herrn Leopold Conradt. Entomologische Nachrichten, 25, 161-176. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1954). New species of Macromia from tropical Africa. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 49, 41-76. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • Gambles, R.M. (1979). West African species of Macromia (Odonata: Corduliidae) belonging to picta and sophia groups. Systematic Entomology, 4, 389-407. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Notes on African Odonata, particularly type material. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 73, 283-308. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2017-09-23].